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Periodontal Disease

Posted by petsavunuevet on January 31, 2015 in Dental diseases and preventive care | No Comments

Periodontal disease is one of the most common dental diseases seen in dogs and cats and it can be both painful and potentially life-threatening. Fortunately, it is preventable with a proper dental home-care routine in place. Read our article below to find out more about periodontal disease and how it can affect your pet.

 

The most common dental disease seen in both dogs and cats

– STAGE 1 –

Gums are slightly inflamed and swollen; mild gingivitis is present.At this point, your pet’s teeth are relatively healthy but are displaying early signs of dental disease. Brush your pet’s teeth daily to remove plaque and to prevent the condition of its teeth from worsening.

– STAGE 2 –

Gingivitis has progressed into early periodontal disease. The entire gum is inflamed and swollen. Bad breath is noticeable and your pet’s mouth is painful. Tartar (hardened plaque) is present and can only be removed by professional dental cleaning

– STAGE 3 –

This is periodontal disease. The severe build-up of bacteria ‘eats’ into the gum, forming ‘gum pockets’. There may be bone loss and the bacteria from the mouth may affect the kidneys, heart or liver. Your pet may appear lethargic and suffer from a loss of appetite. Your vet will most probably recommend deep cleaning and an x-ray.

– STAGE 4 –

This is advanced periodontal disease where there is severe inflammation and bleeding, deep gum pockets and infection from the spreading bacteria. Bad odor is obvious and there is bone loss and mobile teeth. Professional dental care is crucial at this stage and extractions are likely. The bacteria from the mouth can spread to other organs, giving rise to other complications. Post-treatment home care and a tartar control diet are needed to prevent recurrence.

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