Welcome to Pets Avenue. Consultations In house diagnostic laboratory Diagnostic imaging hospitalisation care Surgical suite Dentistry
Vomiting in Dogs
Posted by petsavenuevet on March 31, 2015 in common emergencies | No Comments
A dog throws up its food due to a range of reasons, some more serious than others. Read our article to find out the underlying causes of vomiting, what measures to take when your dog vomits and how to prevent vomiting in your dog.
An occasional, isolated bout of vomiting is common in dogs. While this is relatively non-threatening, frequent or prolonged vomiting is a cause of concern and can be a sign of a serious condition.
It is important to first differentiate between vomiting and regurgitation. Vomiting occurs when food and fluids from the stomach or upper part of the small intestine are forced out through the mouth. There are signs to look out for before vomiting takes place. Regurgitation, however, occurs when undigested food from the gullet spontaneously goes back into the mouth.
What to look out for
Before vomiting occurs, your dog may drool, lick its lips and swallow excessively.
Your dog may eat grass to cope with the nausea.
A yellowish foam, or bile, may be present in the vomit, together with partly digested food.
Causes of vomiting
Intolerance or allergy to food
Consumption of toxic substances
Side effects of drugs
Ulcers in the stomach or intestine
Infection of the stomach or intestine
Obstruction of the stomach or intestine
Diseases or disorders of other organs
If your dog has frequent or prolonged vomiting, bring it to the vet. The vet will be able to diagnose the underlying cause by asking you some questions like the oppeorance of the vomit, the frequency of vomiting, the medical history of your dog etc. coupled with a thorough physical examination. If needed, basic laboratory tests (e.g. blood tests and fecal analysis) and imaging (e.g. X-ray and ultrasound) may be carried out.
You can also bring along a vomit sample or take a video recording of your dog vomiting to have your vet take a look.
Things to do when your dog has vomited
When vomiting is occasional and infrequent, it may simply be because your dog has eaten something disagreeable or is eating too fast. It is not necessary to bring your dog to the vet if it is still bright and alert*.
The following measures can be taken:
Do not give your dog food for 12 hours but keep ithydrated by providing small amounts of water every half hour.
Slowly reintroduce soft and blond food after 12 – 24 hours and provide adequate amounts of drinking water.po
Return to a normal diet the next day if vomiting has stopped.
If your dog is eating too fast, feed it smaller, more frequent meals and spread the food out on a wide, flat surface. Frequent or prolonged vomiting may be a sign of a more serious condition. If it is accompanied by other symptoms like dehydration, shock, lethargy, blood in vomit, weight loss, diarrhea, it is recommended that you bring your dog to the vet immediately for a thorough check and diagnostic testing. If you’re in doubt, please contact your vet for advice